"When the Son of man cometh" the second time, "shall he find faith on the earth?" The stone falls on those who set themselves in self- conscious opposition against the Lord, i.e., those knowing better, who put themselves in opposition to Jesus Christ and His kingdom. Lesson 12: The Parable of the Wicked Husbandmen While they contain some of the most profound lessons taught by Him, at the same time they comprise some of His simplest, most easily understood lessons. Application to the universal church of Christ: The church of our Lord is peculiarly God’s vineyard which He has planted. 20:1-19; Is. This is the Lord's doing, and it is marvellous in our eyes. From this point the close of the tragedy is self-evident; the Lord accordingly does not further prosecute the narrative. The husbandmen represented first the rulers of the Jews, and then the nation as a whole. A great rock is lying on the plain: the cultivators have ploughed and the cattle have grazed round it since the flood. To whom was the Vineyard committed? The story is included in the three synoptic gospels (Matthew 21:33–46, Mark 12:1–12, and Luke 20:9–19), and also the non-canonical Gospel of Thomas. The rock rises now into mid-heaven, hovers over the assailants for a while, and then falls upon their heads. Lesson Text: Matthew 21:33-46 (KJV; also read Lk. Lesson Setting: James B. Buckley, FSSP From the August 2011 Newsletter. It is as if the best answer to the question, “How do I become a Christian?” were essentially the same as to the question, “How do I become an artist?” or “How do I become a surgeon?” One should be able to say, “Go to the community of people already about that task to learn from, observe, and imitate them.” Reading manuals and learning the rules isn’t enough. At the Reformation the kingdom was in part taken from that faithless priesthood; but they retain vast multitudes in bondage still. Thou preparedst room before it, and didst cause it to take deep root, and it filled the land. 2. The day was spent in the Temple courts, in a most earnest attempt to save the In the first example, the wickedness of Israel is represented by the bitterness of the fruit which the vineyard produced; in the second, the unprofitableness of Israel is represented by the want of fruit on the vine; and in the third, the sufferings of Israel are represented by the inroads of the wild beasts upon the wide spread, tender, unprotected vine. The mighty one stands on our life path, and we cannot pass without coming into contact with him. Here is how the Evangelist Luke transmits this parable: A certain man planted a vineyard, and let it forth to husbandmen, and went into a far country for a long time. The Parable of the Two Sons February’s questions and answers: The Parable of the Unmerciful Servant January’s questions and answers: The Parable of the Sower. He owns us. This parable illustrates what Paul exclaims in Romans 11:22, “Behold then the kindness and severity of God.” It is often an extended metaphor, based, as is this parable, on comparison. So it is with life. It has been assigned to us for a period of time. I enjoyed hearing stories as a child, and I have received the special fun that comes from telling and acting out stories with a rich variety of voices for my children. The Bible is full of parables that Jesus told and we can learn a lot by listening to them. Illustration: James Bender wrote about the story of a farmer who grew award winning corn. The next Sunday would be Easter day. However, the Sabbath School lessons are published by permission of the Sabbath School Department of the General Conference of Seventh-day Adventists. Suppose a band of living men should rush with all their might against that stone, they would be broken and it would not be moved. The expression is natural and appropriate in the lips of a human proprietor; but obviously when it represents the purpose of God, it means only that such reverence was claimed, and such reverence was due. Jesus and His disciples In order to account for the circumstances, you must suppose that the central government was paralyzed, and that these men were as stupid as they were wicked. Great criminals are often blind to their own interests: their blunders generally lead to their conviction. The Parable of the Wicked Husbandmen was spoken by Jesus in the temple on the day following his triumphant entry into Jerusalem (Matthew 21:1-18).Jesus was teaching the people when he was interrupted by the chief priests, scribes and elders (Matthew … Keeping out of sight for the moment his rights and his power, he appealed confidingly to their hereditary reverence for the family of their chief; he sent his son, and sent him unarmed, unattended. Lesson Four: The Parable of the Wicked Husbandmen. If we flee to him for refuge, he is the sanctuary in which we shall be safe; if we fall on him, in a vain effort to escape, we shall stumble, and fall, and perish. The fruits: “When the time of the fruit drew near” (v 34). The creaking of a door, or the sighing of the wind among the trees, seemed the footfall of the Baptist stalking forth to reprove him. v 2 ... “planted it with the choicest vine,” the true religion from God Himself, enforced and preserved by the Word of God. There is a discipline and craftsmanship to their process that develops newcomers over time. -- Heubner in Lange. The picture sets forth the ruin of Jerusalem through the withdrawal of God's protecting hand, and the consequent irruption of hostile nations. Summary of the Parable of the Tenants One can’t simply follow his feelings but has to be initiated into a highly specialized skill like brain surgery or sculpting or spirituality over time under the oversight of skilled practitioners. But he will not thus bear for ever: he will come to judge the world. Successive embassies, sent in successive ages, met with similar treatment, until, in the fulness of time, Christ the Son became the messenger of the covenant. 4:44). A parable is a succinct, didactic story, in prose or verse, that illustrates one or more instructive lessons or principles.It differs from a fable in that fables employ animals, plants, inanimate objects, or forces of nature as characters, whereas parables have human characters. Skilled practitioners who have come to know God and whose lives are being lived in the power of the Holy Spirit are the best persons to train novices in the art of holiness. God placed them in the best country in the then world for His purpose. The chief priests and elders/Pharisees knew that Jesus was talking about them. The eventful day came when the Temple was finished and soon to be opened. But they still refused to really listen. 4. The vineyard was let not to one capitalist, who might employ labourers to do the necessary work, but to a kind of joint-stock company of labourers who proposed to cultivate the property with their own hands for the common benefit. Eventually, all the lands along the Eastern end of the Great Sea were called Palestine. What the vineyard Who falls on the stone? Here Israel is compared, not to a vineyard, but to a single vine; and the special characteristic selected for purposes of instruction is the uselessness of the vine tree as timber. 5:7). And now go to; I will tell you what I will do to my vineyard: I will take away the hedge thereof and it shall be eaten up; and break down the wall thereof, and it shall be trodden down. Others, according to Luke, exclaimed, in horror, “God forbid!” Any one suffering such a fate, even if deserved, is sad. Jesus taught this parable to confront the chief priests and elders and reveal their hypocritical character. By the removal of the protecting fence, the wild beasts of the forest were permitted to trample at will on its feeble and lowly boughs. By the vineyard with all its privileges, I understand the ordinances of Israel as appointed by God, and the people of Israel in as far as they were necessarily passive in the hands of their priests and rulers. But we are greatly mistaken if we imagine this to be ‘our’ country, to do with as we please. The 21st chapter tells the parable of The Fig Tree (21:29-33). Many times by night and day the king saw that gory head again lying on the charger -- it would not go out of his sight. It is not after the flesh, but after the spirit that citizenship is obtained in the Christian commonwealth; henceforth, the partakers of Abraham's faith are the seed of Abraham to whom the covenant of promise pertains. v 38 ... “Come let us kill him, and let us seize on his inheritance.” If Jesus was the Messiah, introducing the kingdom of God, the whole spirit of which was so different from theirs, then they would lose their places as rulers, teachers, and men of influence, their authority over people and their chief business. The picture -- for it is by itself a short parable -- represents a great stone at rest. It was stipulated, moreover, that the rent should be paid not in money but in kind. A parable is a story with a moral rather than a straightforward statement. xv.2-5: "Son of man, What is the vine tree more than any tree, or than a branch which is among the trees of the forest? The son in the parable stands for God’s Son, Jesus Christ. We find the parable of the evil husbandmen in the first three Evangelists (Matthew 21:33-41, Mark 12:1-9, Luke 20:9-16). if we present the picture in modern light. This week, we read the Parable of the Wicked Husbandmen (also called the Wicked Vinedressers) which is featured in three of the Holy Gospels. Mark Chapter 12. 5:1-4) Golden Text: "The stone which the builders rejected, The same was made the head of the corner." viii.14, 15,) it is intimated that "He shall be for a sanctuary, but for a stone of stumbling." In Alpine valleys, close by the root of rent, rugged, precipitous mountains, you may often see a rock of vast dimensions lying on the plain. 6:31; 21:16; 2 Chron. God’s righteous judgment on those who reject His Son should motivate us to live accountably to Him. This lease, granted by a non-resident proprietor, throws an interesting light on the habits of the place and the time.  What wise one of this world, -- what human reason would have conceived, under the cross, that this man suspended between two malefactors, and despised by all, would one day receive the worship of the whole world? The Life of Christ in the Synoptic Gospels God sends His Son: This was Jesus Himself. By virtue of God’s presence and activity within it, the church is greater than the sum of its human parts. In other words, if Christ prevails they must fall. To crucify Christ by the hands of the Romans, or to crucify him afresh through unbelief, was and is a short-sighted policy. The next part of the conception, which the imagination can easily form at will, is precisely the reverse of the first. If you are anything like me you could re-read … Continue reading "Commentary on Matthew 20:1-16" Junior. Our Bible lesson today one of Jesus' parables. Here is how the Evangelist Luke transmits this parable: A certain man planted a vineyard, and let it forth to husbandmen, and went into a far country for a long time. The Temple took many years to build; so many, in fact, that the stone became covered with moss, and grass grew around it. A parable is a story with a moral rather than a straightforward statement. The interpretation of this turning-point is given to the Jewish rulers in full, and without concealment. The Vineyard (v 33) 2. It was to be the world’s redemption. Reject the Son of God, His principles, truth, and power, and we are lost. When the Lord of the vineyard cometh he will destroy those wicked men, and will let out the vineyard unto others. See also Acts 4:11; 1 Pet. Chapter 20 features The Wicked Husbandmen (20:9-19). Weeds and briers are to be destroyed or transformed into useful plants; wild beasts driven out, or, better, transformed into friends and helpers, as in Isaiah’s picture in his chapter eleven; inferior fruits and flowers are to be transformed and made luscious, healthful and beautiful. During many centuries this area was also called Canaan and Israel. They inspire us to discover new forces and powers in nature. He came unto his own, and his own received him not. The owner: “A certain householder” (v 33), a landed proprietor, owner of an estate. 6. There is no other way to enjoy a successful spiritual life. In our day men do not often expressly find fault with the teaching of Jesus as it is recorded by the Evangelists: they prefer to blame the ministers who take up and echo their Master's words. The scribes and rulers in all the pomp and color of official costume. The parable of the husbandmen has already shown that the Son was rejected by the favoured people to whom he was sent; and this grand text from the Old Testament Scriptures, which the Scribes well knew, shows further that he whom the official but false builders rejected and cast down, was accepted and raised up by God. Hence the agony of Joseph's faithless brothers when they discovered that Joseph was their judge. Isa. 24:19-22; 36:16; and also Acts 7:52; and the whole passage finds a parallel in the words of Heb. He hedged them around with perfect laws, schools, priests, temple, and religious institutions. v 44 ... “Whosoever shall fall on this stone,” etc. There was a householder who planted a vineyard and set a hedge around it and dug a winepress in it, and built a tower. Later, during Greek and Roman times, the part of this territory where Jesus was born and lived during His marvelous ministry was called Judea, a Greek word for the earlier name of Judah. 11:36-38). My well-beloved hath a vineyard in a very fruitful hill. We are permitted to enjoy all for our own benefit, under deduction of a tribute to the Giver. Luke 20:9-19 the Messiah. The Parable of the Unmerciful Servant 4 - 5 LESSON 5 - A Parable of the Love of One's Neighbor The Parable of the Good Samaritan 5 - 1 A Parable of Jews and Gentiles The Parable of the Wicked Husbandmen 5 - 4 LESSON 6 - Parables of Praying I. He lived as the Son of God. Another story that Jesus told was the story about the Prodigal Son. The proprietor, still unwilling to bring matters to an extremity, adopted next an expedient which he hoped would subdue the rebellion, without imposing on him the necessity of punishing the rebels. We seem to mark here a change in the character of Jesus. I enjoyed hearing stories as a child, and I have received the special fun that comes from telling and acting out stories with a rich variety of voices for my children. For his own holy purposes he lays aside for a moment his gentleness, and appears as the Lion of the tribe of Judah. The story is included in the three synoptic gospels (Matthew 21:33–46, Mark 12:1–12, and Luke 20:9–19), and also the … He opens up to each Christian wonderful opportunities and He expects much good fruit from such a vineyard. It is a case in which, after the vineyard has brought forth its fruit, the cultivators who have charge refuse to render to the owner the portion of the produce which is his due. parable were matters of common knowledge; so that the very word "Vineyard" presented to their minds “God so loved the world.” This was and is the highest proof of God’s love. Therefore, He has reason to expect in return abundant and glorious fruits. He has planted His new life in every Christian, providing both life and soul. This parable illustrates what Paul exclaims in Romans 11:22, “Behold then the kindness and severity of God.” represents. Modern Applications. In Chapter 17, the parable included is Unprofitable Servants (17:7-10). The chief priests and the elders come to Jesus and ask him, "By what authority are you doing these things? It describes a householder planting a vineyard and letting it out to husbandmen who failed in their duties. The difference is important: it determines clearly the main line in which the interpretation of the parable should proceed. v 39 ... “And slew him,” as the Jews were intent on doing to Jesus. The leaders of Israel stood before him, with all their crooked purposes revealed to his eye; the plot was ripening to take his life away. The husbandman represents the religious leaders. Verse 9. In magnitude, it is itself a little hill; and yet it is only a stone that has fallen from the neighbouring mountain. 3. A landowner planted and prepared a vineyard. 41 They say unto him, He will miserably destroy those miserable men, and will let out the vineyard unto other husbandmen, who shall render him the fruits in their seasons. In verse 43 Jesus directly foretells what actually took place a few years later. And all this was for the training, discipline, and education of man’s whole nature, body, and spirit, to give him a larger life, more comforts, larger usefulness, wider activities, and in the very process of laboring with God, bringing him nearer to God. (Matt. Before reading any further in this commentary take a moment to re-read Matthew 20:1-16 and think about this question. God loved them with an everlasting love. The farmer replied, “Well sir, don’t you know? It appears in Mark 12, Matthew 21, and Luke 20. 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